Common Problems

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Oral Health Issues Treatable At Columbia Family Dentist

A healthy smile is shown to not only improve your self-esteem and fill you with confidence, but it also keeps the rest of your body healthy by reducing your chances of developing infections and other diseases. However, maintaining that healthy smile requires a lot of work, from a great oral hygiene routine to regular visits to Columbia Family Dentist, because there are many common dental problems that can affect your smile and put that brilliant smile and your oral health at risk.  

At Columbia Family Dentist, creating healthy smiles is our passion and our specialty, which is why we offer a comprehensive selection of dental treatment options for patients of all ages. From general dentistry, children’s dentistry, laser dentistry, and more, you can get everything that you need to have a brilliant smile for life all right here in our local office in Columbia, MD. Dr. Sahil Goyal and our dental staff will work closely with you to craft a personalized treatment plan that is designed around your needs, preventing and treating a myriad of common dental problems to keep your smile healthy. To learn more about the types of common problems that we can be treated through professional dental care here at Columbia Family Dentist, check out the information below. 

Tooth Decay

Often referred to as a cavity, tooth decay is the most common dental disease despite being preventable with a consistent and thorough oral hygiene routine and regular cleanings at the dentist. Tooth decay is typically caused by foods that are rich in sugar, which leave deposits of food particles on the teeth when you eat. If the food particles aren’t cleaned away with brushing and flossing, they will combine with the bacteria in your mouth to form plaque, which will create acid that eats away at your tooth enamel, resulting in tooth decay.


Sensitive Teeth

Underneath the enamel of your tooth is an inner layer called the dentin, which contains several tiny tubes filled with sensitive nerve endings. Having sensitive teeth means that this dentin is exposed, which allows things like hot and cold drinks or food particles to enter those tubes in the dentin and irritate those nerve endings, resulting in a sharp pain. The three most common ways that your dentin can become exposed and give you sensitive teeth are:

- Cracks in the enamel - as your teeth experience rapid changes in temperature from hot to cold, they will expand and contract. Over time, this cycle can result in microscopic cracks in your teeth that will allow food particles and liquid to seep in. 

- Wearing down of the enamel - Things like tooth decay and teeth grinding (bruxism) will wear down your enamel over time to expose the layer of dentin underneath.

- Gum recession - Your gums form a protective layer of tissue around the dentin that makes up the roots of your teeth. With conditions like gum disease, the gums may start to recede which will expose the dentin at the root.

The type of dental treatment that our doctors will use to treat sensitive teeth depends on the cause.

Cracks in the enamel - as your teeth experience rapid changes in temperature from hot to cold, they will expand and contract. Over time, this cycle can result in microscopic cracks in your teeth that will allow food particles and liquid to seep in. 


Gum Disease (Periodontitis)

Gum disease is one of the most threatening conditions to your smile, since advanced stages of this disease can result in bone loss in your jaw or loss and removal of teeth. The main cause for gum disease is plaque that is left on the tooth, which often forms along or underneath the gum line. Acid from the plaque will cause the gums to become inflamed, swollen, sensitive, and prone to bleeding when brushing and flossing, in an early stage of gum disease called gingivitis. The infection will then spread to the jaw bone, remaining gum tissue, and the root of your teeth, which requires extensive and expensive dental care to effectively treat.

Bad Breath (Halitosis)

While bad breath is most often the result of a buildup of broken down food particles in the mouth or particularly smelly foods, it can also be an early sign of gum disease or other dental problems. While a consistent routine of brushing, flossing, and rinsing should be able to help with most cases of bad breath, make sure you consult with us to ensure that you don’t require any preventative treatment for other dental conditions.

Canker Sores

Canker sores, also known as aphthous ulcers, are small, painful, and recurring sores inside the mouth. They typically have a white or gray base that’s surrounded by a red border and generally last for about one to two weeks before going away on their own. By using antimicrobial mouthwashes or topical agents, the sore may go away sooner. There are many causes of canker sores, including eating spicy or acidic foods, stress, vitamin deficiencies, and hormones. If you have a canker sore that persists for more than a few weeks, schedule an appointment with us to have it examined.

Orthodontic Problems

If you have a bite that doesn’t meet properly, it is a condition called a malocclusion. Malocclusions can be either inherited or they can be acquired from injuries or developmental issues, such as finger or thumb sucking. Some of the most common types of malocclusions include misaligned jaws, crowded teeth, missing teeth, and extra teeth. Most malocclusions can be treated using orthodontic treatment such as braces or Invisalign, which will align the teeth and correct the positioning of the jaw for a more natural, healthy bite.

Contact Your Columbia, MD Dentist Today

If you have any questions about these common dental problems or about how they can be treated with the dental treatment options that we offer here at Columbia Family Dentist, contact us to speak with a member of our staff who will provide you with all the answers you need. To schedule your appointment, just reach out to us or fill out our online appointment request form, and we will set you up for your visit. We look forward to giving you with the same high-quality dental care that we’ve been providing for the families of Columbia, MD for over seven years. Our team is excited to see your smiling face in our office soon!